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The Big Five: Personality trait predictors of career decision making among senior high school students.


Winsell Rainyell S. Bautista,
Lorraine Kristel E. Cruz,
Janine D. Dimaangay,
Maria Marjorie O. Sandoval,
John Michael C. Vicente,
Oliver M. David

Related Institution

Department of Psychology - Our Lady of Fatima University

College of Arts and Sciences - Our Lady of Fatima University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
October 2013


Personality traits are among the main non-cognitive domains in the field of psychology that influence several outcomes linked with vocational behavior. Its impact on the individual's success in career and life is very evident. Ultimately, these influence the choices that individuals make about which tasks and activities to engage in, how much effort to exert on those tasks, and how long to persist with those tasks like career decision making. Career decision making has been established as a complex process interplayed by many factors. With this in mind, this Descriptive (Causal) Correlational design study intends to identify whether personality traits can predict career decision making among young individuals. Withal, the independent variables used for personality were extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience, familiarly known as the Big Five personality traits, while there were 12 career decision making dimensions model proposed by Itamar Gati (2010) that served as the dependent variables, namely: information gathering, information processing, locus of control, effort invested in the process, procrastination, speed of making final decision, consulting with others, dependence on others, desire to please others, aspiration for an "ideal occupation", willingness to compromise, and using intuition. One hundred senior high school students of Ramon Magsaysay High School (37 males, 63 females) answered the Big Five Inventory (John, 2000) and Career Decision Making (Gati, 2010) questionnaires. The regression analyses indicated that extraversion significantly predicted information processing (r2=.190,p < .05); agreeableness significantly predicted procrastination (r2= .169,p< .05); desire to please others (r2=.351,p< .05); and aspiration for an "ideal occupation" (r2=,p< .05); while conscientiousness significantly predicted information gathering(r2=.152,p=.05); information processing (r2= .190,p< .05); and procrastination negatively (r2=.169,p< .05); and lastly, neuroticism significantly predicted effort invested in the process (r2=.061,p< .05); and aspiration for an "ideal occupation" (r2=.330,p< .05). However, the variable openness to experience did not significantly predict any of the dependent variables. Furthermore, locus of control, speed of making final decision, consulting with others, and dependence on others were the career decision making dimensions that were not predicted at all.


To measure the strength of prediction of Big Five (Extraversion, Agreeableness,Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to experience to the Career) in decision making.


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