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Efficacy of sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk- reducing intervention in the improvement of knowledge and behavior of selected entertainers in Quezon City.

Author

Charmaine Joy L. Hapin,
Janine Eloisa R. Luczon,
Karen Joy D. Mendoza,
Kevin G. Peralta,
Regine N. Ramos,
Mary Angeline N. Reyes

Related Institution

College of Nursing - Our Lady of Fatima University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Specialization
Nursing
Publication Date

Abstract

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) as a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, highlights the importance of this public health crisis. In 2007, 1.1 million Chlamydia trachomatis diagnoses were reported in the US, a 7.5% increase over 2006 (CDC, 2007). According to Department of Health (DOH), in Philippines, STI prevalence from 1999 to 2002 of chlamydia infection among high risk group (registered female sex workers) was 27-36%; and in general population group was 5.75% in women and 4.4% in men. The social stigma typically associated with STDs may result in people seeking care from alternative providers or not seeking care at all. As a result, STD reports tend to underestimate substantially the total number of new cases. In this study, the researchers used pretest-posttest quasi experimental design wherein the initial measure of the dependent variable was referred to as the baseline measure, and the posttest measure of the dependent variable was referred to as the outcome measure (the measure that captures the outcome of the experimental intervention). The respondents of this study were 50 entertainers who worked in the club and had the experience to be involved in sexual interaction.
The following conclusions were drawn based on the summary of the findings:
(1) Most of the respondents at age bracket of 18-25 years old are mostly engaged in the sexual activities and most of them are female and are single. Most of them reached high school level. The entertainers that the researcher interviewed are mostly receiving an income of P8, 000-9,000 which equivalent to numbers of their client and most of them are entertainers for less than one year and sexually active for 4-5 years whom are engaging in heterosexual (opposite sex).
(2) The respondents level of knowledge to STD before and after the STD risk reducing intervention has a significant difference therefore, that their knowledge about STD has been improve after giving the treatment which is health education .
(3) The data gathered about the respondents' sexual behavior that there is no significant difference from before and after the STD nursing risk reducing intervention therefore, that the result has no improvement to their behavior.

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of nursing risk-reducing intervention in the improvement of knowledge and sexual behavior of entertainers in the prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).
Specifically, it sought to answer the following questions:
1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:
1.1 age,
1.2 gender,
1.3 civil status,
1.4 educational attainment,
1.5 monthly income,
1.6 years for being entertainer,
1.7 sexually active for how many years, and
1.8 sexual orientation?

2. What is the respondents' level of knowledge to STD before the STD Nursing risk-reducing intervention?
2.1 Causes of STD
2.2 Prevention of STD

3. What is the respondents' level of knowledge to STD after the STD Nursing risk-reducing intervention?
3.1 Causes of STD
3.2 Prevention of STD

4. To what extent is the respondent's sexual behavior before the STD Nursing risk-reducing intervention?
5. To what extent is the respondent's sexual behavior after the STD Nursing risk-reducing intervention?
6. Is there a significant difference between the respondents' level of knowledge to STD before and after the STD Nursing risk-reducing intervention?
7. Is there a significant difference between the respondents' sexual behavior before and after the STD Nursing risk-reducing intervention?

References

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