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Office workers with neck pain and disability: Effects of resistance versus stretching exercise.


Mary Grace Herradura,
Art Paolo Molina,
Manilyn Sanguyo,
Justine Vincent Ramos,
John Peter Paul Hanada,

Related Institution

College of Physical Therapy - Our Lady of Fatima University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Physical Therapy
Publication Date


Few studies regarding of stretching and resistance exercises with involvement of neck pain among office worker were presented. The purpose of this study is to correlate the effects of resistance and stretching exercise on neck pain and disability among office workers.

This study is a quantitative, quasi experimental, multiple time series design was used. The subjects were selected using a non-probability purposive sampling. A demographic sheet was used to gather person related factors. The Ovako Working Posture Analyzing System (OWAS) was used to measure task factors and Visual Scale Analog (VAS) was used to measure environment factors. Manual muscle testing (MMT) for muscle strength. The Neck Disability Index (NDI) was used to measure the neck pain and disability. Multiple linear regression (MLR) was used to identify the strongest predictor of NDI score and Independent T-test to test the hypothesis.

MLR analysis revealed that the strongest and statistically significant predictor of NDI was working years (r= .286; p=.009). Both stretching and strengthening exercises significantly reduced NDI scores, with the stretching showing better reduction than strengthening (p<.05).

Physical therapist can institute a work site exercise like strengthening or stretching to prevent and potentially reduce neck pain and disability especially among older office workers.


The purpose of this study is to correlate the effects of resistance and stretching exercise on neck pain and disability among office workers.


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