Report an error   
Advanced Search

A survey of congenital defects in selected barangays of Plaridel, Bulacan.


Rencelle M. Tollosa,
Gina L. Dumanhug,
Sunshine H. De Castro,
Ana Marie P. Sacdalan,
Cristina L. Ramos,
Imelda San Miguel

Related Institution

College of Nursing - Our Lady of Fatima University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
October 2007


This study aims to conduct a survey of cases of congenital defects. Specifically, this study aims to answer the following questions:
1. What are the common birth defects in the subject population?
2. What is the percentage of the most common congenital defects in the subject population?
3. What are the effects of that certain congenital defect in lives of the subject population?
4. What are the probable causes of birth defects in the subject population?
The descriptive method was used in the study. The researcher used the survey questionnaire with the personal interview to the respondents.
The respondents were people with congenital defects and their mothers if they were not able to answer the presented questions. There were 34 respondents who are residents of Plaridel, Bulacan cooperated with the researchers.
The statistical tool that was used was the relative frequency for the determination of percentage.
Summary of Findings:
From the data yielded by the instruments, the researcher summarized the following:
1. Nine (9) out of 34 respondents are having cleft lip/cleft palate with 26%.
2. Sixteen (16) out of 34 respondents with highest percentage of 47% answered that their congenital defects do not affect their ability to socialize with others.
3. Eleven (11) out of 34 respondents with the highest percentage of 32% do not know the causes of their congenital defect.
1. Based on the findings, cleft lip/cleft palate is the most common congenital defects. This gained the highest percentage of 26% among the subjected
2. Most of the respondents verbalized that their congenital defects not greatly affect their lives because they can still mingle with other people and can still managed to fulfill their household chores and activities.
3. Most of the respondents do not know the causes of their congenital defects, and the mother themselves. Some mothers verbalized that during pregnancies, they do not had a prenatal check-up.
Considering the findings and Conclusions, the researchers offer the following recommendations.
1. The community health workers should provide health education on women about self-care during their period of conception.
2. The respondents should seek for treatment as early as possible to prevent any further complication that could arise from the defects.
3. The respondents should seek support or sponsorship from private/NGO's and other related institution for treatment of such birth defect when family cannot afford to.
4. The future researcher should able to gather even more information about such anomalies and continue this research on what the researcher have started or add some information that the researcher missed to research.


The general objective of the study is to conduct a survey of congenital defects in selected barangays in Plaridel, Bulacan.


1. Kozier, Barbara , et al., . Fundamentals of Nursing, 7th Edition Upper Saddle Jersey: Pearson Education Inc., 2004.
2. Piliteri, Adele . Maternal and Child Health Nursing, 5th Edition New York: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Inc., 2007.
3. Klaus, Marshall H., Fanaroff, Avroy A.. Care of the High-risk neonate Toronto: W.B Saunders Company, 1979.
4. Greasy, Robert , Resnik, Robert . Maternal-Fetal Medicine Tokyo: W.B Saunders Company, 1989.
5. Mc Donald, Pritchard . Williams Obstetrics, 6th Edition Sydney: Appleton century crofts, 1980.
6. Knuffle, Robert , Drukkler, Joan . High-Risk Pregnancy London: W.B Saunders Company, 1986.
7. Katz, V.L. . Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Inc., 2003.
8. Kassuba, Sherree L. Causes of Newborn Disorders Yale: New Haven Teachers Institute, 2006.
9. Ho, Lai-Yun . "Counseling a birth defect in the Perinatal period" Journal of Pediatrics, obstetrics and Gynecology , 24, May 2002
10. Cembrano, Joselito Rosauro J. "Familial Risk of Recurrence of Cleft of the lip and palate" Journal of Surgical specialties , 37-40, June 1995
11. Ande, Asuncion M. "Philippines Band of Mercy" Health Beat 2001 , 45-47, August 2001
12. De Guzman, Emmalyn , et al., . Congenital anomalies patients and their belief on Maternal impression. Valenzuela City. 2007. (BS) Our Lady of Fatima University,
13. Lara, Gerald James C. Etiological Cause of most common Newborn Disorder. Valenzuela City. Our Lady of Fatima University, 2006
14. Ybardoloza, Rutchelen , et al., . Birth defects and other problems resulting from Teenage Pregnancy. (BS) Our Lady of Fatima University,
15. Gamboa, Richell B., et al., . “Prevalence, Diagnosis, Control and Nursing Care anagement of Congenital Deformities of the Face among Newborn babies. Valenzuela City. (BS) Our Lady of Fatima University, 2006
16. (). Maternal Impression causes birth defects in child run. Google. . Retrieved from: http://google.com

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Our Lady of Fatima University Fulltext Print Format

©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved.